The Advisory Committee comprises a number of distinguished individual members appointed by the Foundation Board, who act as advisors and ambassadors. It constitutes an open platform for discussion with the aim of making proposals to the Foundation Board for possible new issues to be addressed by IRGC, as well as measures to increase the organisation’s impact and visibility.
Members of the IRGC Advisory Committee (in alphabetical order):
Martha J Crawford
Senior Lecturer of Business Administration
Harvard Business School
Martha Crawford is a seasoned business executive and expert on environmental and technological risks, with strong international perspective. Based in Boston, where she is on the faculty of Harvard Business School, Crawford teaches a core-curriculum course on leadership and corporate accountability, and an elective course on energy in the 21st century.
As a former CTO of multinational enterprises in the energy and heavy industry sectors, Crawford brings strategic perspective on technological risk management to the IRGC. And thanks to her decade of work, early in her career, in intergovernmental organisations (OECD, World Bank), focusing on environmental policy, Crawford also brings a practical understanding of environmental risks and their policy and economic implications, for business and society.
Since 2013, Crawford has served as Independent Director for two France-based multinationals (Ipsen Pharmaceuticals, Altran Technologies). On the Altran Board, Crawford currently serves as Chair of the Nominations and Governance Committee (Altran), and as a member of the Audit Committee.
Crawford holds a PhD in environmental engineering from Harvard University SEAS, and an MBA from the French Collège des Ingénieurs. In 2012, she was nominated by the French President as a Dame in France’s National Order of Merit, for her contributions to technological innovation in industry.
Global Risk and Digital, Marsh
John Drzik is the President of Global Risk and Digital at Marsh. In this capacity, Mr Drzik oversees the firm’s global industry and practice specialties as well as Marsh’s activities in consulting, captive solutions, risk analytics, and information businesses. He is also chairman of the Global Risk Center for Marsh & McLennan Companies.
Prior to this, Mr Drzik was CEO of Oliver Wyman Group, where he had responsibility for all of the management and economic consulting businesses of Marsh & McLennan Companies. He joined Oliver Wyman in 1984, was named Chairman in 2000, and played a key role in establishing the firm’s leadership position in financial services strategy and risk management consulting. The author of numerous articles on strategy, risk management, and financial services, Mr Drzik is a frequent speaker at conferences and has been invited to present at industry and regulatory events sponsored by the World Economic Forum, Harvard Business School, Geneva Association, and the Financial Times.
John Drzik graduated summa cum laude with a BSE in Engineering Management Systems from Princeton University. He is currently on the Board of Directors of Betaworks and on the Industry Advisory Board of the Wharton Financial Institutions Center. He was a member of IRGC’s Foundation Board until June 2017.
Director and Professor
Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology (ETH) Zurich and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
Janet Hering is Director of the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG) and Professor of Environmental Biogeochemistry at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich (ETHZ) and Professor of Environmental Chemistry at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). From 1996 to 2006, she was a Professor at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). Prior to this, she was an Assistant and later Associate Professor at UCLA. She has degrees in chemistry from Cornell and Harvard Universities and a PhD in oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program. Her research interests include water resources and water infrastructure management, the biogeochemistry of trace elements, and water treatment technologies for the removal of inorganic contaminants from potable water.
Former Swiss Secretary of State for Education and Research
Former IRGC Chairman
Charles Kleiber trained as an architect at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) and worked as a consultant in hospital architecture during the 1970s. In 1981, he became Director of the public health department of the canton of Vaud. After publishing his PhD thesis on the impact of economic incentives on performance in medical care, he was appointed Director General of Lausanne University Hospital in 1992. In 1997, he became State Secretary for Education and Research, until his retirement in 2007. Charles Kleiber is a founding member of IRGC.
Founding Rector, IRGC Foundation
Wolfgang Kröger was Ordinarius of Safety Technology at the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology (ETH) Zurich and Director of the Laboratory for Safety Analysis until his retirement in early 2011. He headed research in nuclear energy and safety at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), where he was also on the Board of Directors. From June 2011 to October 2014 he was Executive Director of the ETH Risk Center. Currently he is working as consultant and adviser to scientific institutions. Prof. Kröger studied mechanical engineering at the RWTH Aachen, where he further obtained his doctorate and habilitation thesis. He is Founding Rector of IRGC.
Professor of Science, Technology and Public Policy,
University College London (UCL)
Arthur Petersen is Professor of Science, Technology and Public Policy at University College London (UCL), UK. Before he joined UCL’s new Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (STEaPP) in September 2014, he had worked for more than 13 years as Scientific Adviser on environment and infrastructure policy in the Dutch Government. From 2011 until 2014 he served as Chief Scientist of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
He has played various leadership roles in the build-up of UCL STEaPP; within the department he continues to fulfil the roles of Director of Doctoral Studies and Departmental Graduate Tutor (Research). He is also Research Affiliate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (since 2009), and has been Adjunct Professor of Science and Environmental Public Policy at the VU University Amsterdam (2011–2016) and Professorial Fellow at the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment – RIVM (2016–2017), and has been Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science (2009–2014).
He studied physics and philosophy, obtained doctorate degrees in atmospheric sciences and philosophy of science, and now also finds disciplinary homes in anthropology, political science and science & religion. Most of his research is about managing uncertainty. He has studied risk governance in the contexts of climate, energy, water and sustainable development more generally, as well as anti-microbial resistance and emerging technologies. Increasingly, his interests lie in the study of the role of emotion, culture and religion in the field of science, technology and public policy. In 2018, he was appointed Editor-in-Chief of Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science.
President of Swedish Red Cross
Former head of UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
Margareta Wahlström has a career spanning more than 30 years in international disaster response and humanitarian work, during which she has held a wide range of posts in the humanitarian and international sphere and has either worked in or undertaken missions to more than 100 countries, including many in the Middle East and North Africa, Southeast Asia, Southern Africa and Latin America.
Her last appointment as UN Assistant Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction also involved direct responsibility to the UN Secretary-General for the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action. Ms Wahlström studied economic history, political science, social anthropology, archaeology and philosophy of science. She was a member of IRGC’s Foundation Board until June 2017.
Professor of Law
Jonathan B. Wiener is the William R. and Thomas L. Perkins Professor of Law, and of Public Policy and Environmental Policy, at Duke University, USA, where he is Co-Director of the Rethinking Regulation programme. He was President of the Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) in 2008. He is a University Fellow of Resources for the Future (RFF), and has been a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Scientific Advisory Committee of the International Risk Governance Council (IRGC). He is currently working on incorporating learning into “adaptive regulation” of emerging risks and technologies. His publications include the books Risk vs. Risk (Harvard University Press, 1995, with Graham); The Reality of Precaution: Comparing Risk Regulation in the US and Europe (RFF/Routledge, 2011, with Rogers, Hammitt and Sand); Policy Shock: Recalibrating Risk and Regulation after Crises (Cambridge University Press, 2017, with Balleisen, Bennear, and Krawiec); and articles in Science, Global Policy, JPAM, Technology in Society, and the Harvard, Yale, Penn, Georgetown, and UCLA law journals. Before coming to Duke, he served at the White House Council of Economic Advisers (CEA), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), and the US Department of Justice (DOJ). He helped negotiate the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) signed at the Rio Earth Summit (1992), and helped draft Executive Order 12866 on Regulatory Review (1993). He was a law clerk for federal judges Stephen G. Breyer and Jack B. Weinstein, and obtained degrees in economics and law from Harvard.
Professor and Dean
Professor Lan Xue is a Cheung Kong Chair Professor and Dean of the School of Public Policy and Management at Tsinghua University. He also serves as Adjunct Professor at Carnegie Mellon University, where he obtained a PhD in Engineering and Public Policy. He is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. His teaching and research interests include S&T policy, global governance, and crisis management.
He serves as a member of the Expert Committee on Emergency Management of the State Council of China, as a Vice President of the China Association of Public Administration, member of the Visiting Committee for the Harvard Kennedy School, member of the Academic Advisory Board for the Blavatnik School of Government at Oxford, and member of the OECD Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Advisory Group. He was previously a member of the Governing Board of The International Development Research Center (IDRC).
He received the Fudan Distinguished Contribution Award for Management Science in 2011.